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Project ID Project Name Price (N) Departments Abstract
PG-5 AN APPRAISAL OF THE LEGAL FRAMEWORK FOR DEVELOPMENT OF THE NIGERIAN OIL AND GAS INDUSTRY N (5000) Law All over the world, natural resources, particularly oil and gas are a gift of nature. The oil and gas (petroleum) commodity has thus been the mainstay of the Nigerian economy for the past five decades. Nigeria has earned huge revenues from the vast oil and gas resources since the discovery of oil in 1958. However, despite the huge revenues, Nigerians remain impoverished particularly in the Niger Delta. This unfortunate development has triggered conflicts and controversies on the subject of ownership and control of the commodity among the Federal Government, the multinational oil companies, and the oil producing States/communities. These conflicts are not unconnected with factional struggle for structural conflict of groups and factional struggle for resource control, and the mobilization of State power by elites of the dominant ethnic groups to advance intrinsic interests. It must be noted that prior to the promulgation of the Land Use Act in 1978, ownership of land was based on various systems of customary law wherein families and communities owned land, while under the received English law individual ownership was recognized. It must be noted also that the constitutional provisions on oil and gas, the Oil Pipelines Act, The Minerals Act and the Petroleum Act have all vested ownership of oil and gas with the Federal Government and expropriated land for use by the oil industry without adequate compensation to the land owners (host communities) in clear contravention of International Human Rights Obligations (IHRO), particularly the right to adequate standard of living. It is thus imperative to examine the legal framework regulating oil operations in Nigeria and find out how these laws have shapened the relationship between the Federal Government and the oil companies on the one hand and the oil producing States and communities on the other.
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PG-6 AFRICAN METHOD OF DISPUTE RESOLUTION: THE ADVERSARIAL AND MODERN TREND N (5000) Law This study is a search for the adjudicatory that best suits the Africa society. The judiciary, being the oldest human institution, is responsible for keeping the society from falling apart but the thirst for justice all across Africa remains unquenched by the current system operated. It is clear that other dispute resolution process are being used among them are; ADR, expert determination and the likes. To state the obvious, type of dispute resolution technique to apply in any particular case will depend on the precise nature of the dispute. A jurisdiction arise out of an international which is likely to be addressed by litigation rather than using any of the ADR method. This research show advantages and disadvantages of both adversarial and modern trend on Africa. Finally the concluding part of this research appraised all that have been discussed then proffer possible recommendation and conclusion.
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